FAST FACTS ABOUT TODAY’S ECONOMIC DATA:
- China M2 money growth its slowest pace on record (but that’s still +8.8%).
- China New Loans slow as well (just +1.8% Y/Y).
- However, Total China Credit is yet to show any meaningful deterioration.
- Tech and Financials continue to drive Q3 S&P Earnings.
- India’s CPI accelerated to +3.6% Y/Y in October.
CHINA M2 MONEY SUPPLY SLOWED TO RECORD LOW IN OCTOBER:
According to the Peoples Bank of China, M2 money supply declined -0.14% M/M in the month of October (versus +0.64% M/M prior). Moreover, M2 money supply slowed to +8.81% Y/Y owever, M2 supply slowed to +8.88(versus +9.19% Y/Y prior), which is the slowest Y/Y pace on record (dating back to 1996).
CHINA NEW LOAN GROWTH SLOWED IN OCTOBER, BUT THAT’S TYPICAL:
China New Loans increased by just 663.2 billion yuan in October, which is a slowdown to +1.83% Y/Y (+4.10% Y/Y prior) and is the slowest pace of new loan growth since March. Cumulatively YTD, new loans slowed to +9.36% to 11,818.7 billion yuan (slowest cumulative pace since June).
Note that China New Loans are highly volatile on any given monthly basis and October tends to be a weak month historically (this month’s 663 billion in new loans is well above the October average of 545 billion seen over the past 5 years). Putting the usual October volatility aside, total financial loans outstanding only slowed slightly in October to +13.03% Y/Y (which is only slightly below the prior month’s +13.11% Y/Y).
A further look at China credit shows that there was little deterioration in credit quality through September (credit quality is released on a one month lag). Non-performing loans are not increasing on a Y/Y basis, nor has there been a meaningful increase in NPL’s relative to total loans outstanding.
TECH & FINANCIALS LEAD Q3 S&P EARNINGS:
As of November 9th, 460 of the S&P 500 Index companies have reported Q3 earnings, of which 332 have beaten earnings (72.17%) and 92 have missed (20.0%), albeit on lowered estimates. Thus far, the beats have been led by the Tech, Financial, Health Care, and Industrial sectors. Specifically, 51 out of the 57 Tech companies that reported earnings (including tech giants Apple, Google, Amazon, and Microsoft) and 51 out of the 67 Financials companies that reported earnings have beaten estimates.
Over the past week, Wall Street analysts lowered their Q3 EPS estimates by -$0.08/share to $31.50. Therefore, the street lowered their 2017 EPS estimates by -$0.11/share to $125.14 and they lowered their 2018 EPS estimates by -$0.05/share to $144.41. This implies EPS growth of +17.8% Y/Y and +15.4% Y/Y in 2017 and 2018, respectively.
INDIAN CPI UP +3.6% Y/Y IN OCTOBER:
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation reported today that Indian CPI rebounded +0.67% M/M in the month of October (-0.15% M/M prior). More importantly, CPI accelerated to +3.58% Y/Y (versus +3.28% Y/Y prior), which is the fastest pace since March. In the month, Food & Beverage prices increased +0.79% M/M, Housing prices increased +1.18% M/M, Fuel prices increased +0.92% M/M, Clothing prices increased +0.64% M/M, and Miscellaneous prices increased +0.16% M/M.
U.S. GDP: Our GDP model points toward stronger growth in the quarters ahead (+2.8% Real GDP growth in 2H 2017, and 3% growth in 2018) given improvements in workforce population growth, workforce participation, and low interest rates and energy prices. With Q2 2017 Real GDP officially at +3% growth and Q3 preliminary estimate at 3% growth, it is now possible for GDP to achieve our official forecast of 3.0% for 2017.
U.S. Inflation: U.S. inflation is set to rise again over the coming months as energy prices return to positive territory on a Y/Y basis. Additionally, recent data show that shelter costs have been turning up again. However, the Fed’s preferred inflation metric, the Core PCE Deflator was up just +1.33% Y/Y in September (below the Fed’s 2% inflation target).
U.S. Federal Reserve: With inflation set to turn back up again, the odds of another Fed hike will increase (note that December hike odds are currently 92%). Not to mention, increased inflation (as well as increasing inflation expectations) have given the Fed reason to begin balance sheet tapering.
U.S. Treasuries: With headline CPI having hit a near-term peak of 2.7% Y/Y, we believe the 10-year U.S. Treasury is now range-bound through the end of the year. We would be inclined to be buyers of Treasuries if the 10-year yield were to approach its recent high of 2.63%.
U.S. Equities and Earnings: S&P 500 operating earnings will rise materially in 2017, but our yearend S&P 500 target of 2400 has already been attained. In fact, the S&P is closing in on our 2018 target too! We continue to favor the homebuilders, given the demographic tailwind and lack of inventory. We also prefer financials given expectations for economic growth.
Argentina: Argentine economic data continues to improve. Consumer Confidence has improved for three consecutive months, GDP accelerated to +2.7% y/y in Q2, but inflation remains a problem at +26% Y/Y (far better than 45% from a year ago though). However, Industrial Production has slowed for two consecutive months.
Brazil: The macro data in Brazil continue to improve. Retail sales are now up +3.6% Y/Y, unemployment has fallen for six straight months to 12.4%, Industrial Production is up +2.6% Y/Y, Manufacturing PMI continues to trend higher, tax receipts are growing, inflation is still in a falling trend – which allows the central bank to cut rates further, and GDP finally turned positive on a Y/Y basis (+0.3% Y/Y). Of all the major global bond markets, Brazilian 10-year bond yields are the richest in the world at 10%. As the economy improves, and inflation cools, we would expect to see investors reach for yield in Brazil. As such, we recently initiated a Long Brazil 10-Year Sovereign Bond view.
Canada: Despite worries about Canada’s housing market, so far Canada’s economic data remain healthy. Consumer Confidence remains at high levels, manufacturing PMI’s remain strong, unemployment has been in a declining trend, retail sales are elevated, and Canada’s monthly GDP remains at a healthy 3.5% Y/Y.
Mexico: Recent economic data in Mexico suggest that the Mexican economy has been mixed in Q3. Manufacturing PMI’s were stronger in Q3 (but slowed in October); however, Unemployment has increased to 3.6%, Consumer Confidence has trended slightly lower, exports slowed to +3.4% Y/Y, and retail sales have yet to turn higher.
Venezuela: We will leave this as a placeholder in the event that Venezuela ever becomes an investible market again. We are hopeful …
United Kingdom: The U.K. economy had been resilient but it is starting to show signs of weakness. Although unemployment continues to decline, Industrial Production accelerated to +2.5% Y/Y in September, and PMI’s improved in October. On the other hand, Retail Sales fell in September, Consumer Confidence has remained negative, home prices have begun to turn lower in London, while inflation has turned higher (+3.0% Y/Y in September). In fact, the Bank of England raised rates due to higher inflation, despite recent weakness in economic data.
European Union: Economic data has recently improved in Europe. Unemployment continues to decline, PMIs indicate strong growth, Industrial Production accelerated in September, and Retail Sales also accelerated in September. We remain bullish on the Euro STOXX 50 Index.
European Central Banks: The ECB is doing exactly what we thought they would do by favoring asset purchases over furthering lowering rates into negative territory and now the ECB is facing rising inflation. Also, next year the ECB will begin to taper its asset purchases and certainly a discussion will begin on the process of how/when to raise rates. We will watch to see if ECB tapering has any meaningful impact on zero (or near-zero) interest rates throughout the continent.
Eastern Europe: We continue to believe risks remain for Eastern Europe given high Debt/GDP levels, most notably Cyprus (104%), Croatia (88%, up from 66% at the end of 2013), and Slovenia (81%). Yet, economic data have been robust this year across most of Eastern Europe.
South Africa: Political chaos and debt downgrade risk aside, South African data improved in Q2 and the start of Q3 (higher PMI’s, higher retail sales, low inflation, and improving business confidence). However, Unemployment remains persistently high at 27.7%.
Turkey: Has the Turkish Lira finally realized that Turkey has a geopolitical problem? And will a falling Lira lead CPI materially higher in Turkey (CPI already had accelerated to 11.2% Y/Y)? Despite the political situation, the macro backdrop had been strong, as business confidence increased throughout Q3, and Unemployment has been steady. However, Consumer Confidence has ticked lower for three consecutive months.
ASIA / PACIFIC:
Australia: The RBA has cut rates twice in the past year and Australian data is holding up. So far, business and consumer confidence have been strong, the job market has improved, and PMI’s have held up. That being said, we are starting to see weakness in the housing market (private sales down -6.1% M/M and building approvals are up just +0.2% Y/Y) and Auto Sales turned negative in September. We remain neutral on Australia at this time, on concerns about China exposure but so far China is still posting strong data.
China: China data remain mixed but positive. Recent data suggest improvement in China’s manufacturing sector, while Retail Sales, Fixed Investment, CPI, Industrial Production, and Credit/Money conditions have slowed on Y/Y basis. We continue to believe China has the levers to stimulate its economy, but we are watching for further signs of stress within China’s credit and housing markets, particularly now that China is likely to be more focused on cutting overcapacity.
India: Indian economic activity appears to have recovered nicely since the new Goods and Services Tax (GST) was implemented as Industrial Production, Commercial Credit, and Retail Sales ended Q3 on an improving note. Note that since the Indian central bank cut rates in August, inflation appears to have turned slightly higher.
Indonesia: Indonesia’s GDP and Private Consumption Expenditures have been stable at 5% Y/Y, inflation moderated in Q3, Consumer Confidence has been stable, but industrial production and PMI’s weakened in Q3. Our best guess is that the central bank’s dovish policy stance may revert to a more neutral stance going forward (they declined to cut rates again in October).
Japan: With Abe winning his snap elections by a long shot, we are emboldened in our bullish view on Japan’s Nikkei 225. Overall, Japan’s economic activity remains in an improving trend, although weakness in PMI’s over the past two months raises concern. Bank lending is improving on a Y/Y basis in Japan, unemployment continues to improve, industrial production remains elevated, and consumer confidence remains in a slow up-trend.
Russia: Russian economic data continue to suggest economic growth as PMI’s have improved recently. Furthermore, Retail Sales have accelerated on Y/Y basis, Real Disposable Income and Wages have turned up, Unemployment rate remains low, and exports are up over +20% Y/Y. Meanwhile, inflation has slowed, which allowed the Bank of Russia to cut rates once again. Russian equities remain the cheapest in the industrialized world and we remain bullish.
GLOBAL CENTRAL BANK SCORECARD:
MACRO TRADING IDEAS:
WEEK IN REVIEW – BEST & WORST PERFORMERS:
S&P 500 SECTOR PERFORMANCE:
BEST/WORST PERFORMING GLOBAL STOCK MARKETS:
BEST/WORST PERFORMING WORLD BOND MARKETS:
COMMODITIES MARKET PERFORMANCE:
MAJOR GLOBAL STOCK MARKETS:
MAJOR GLOBAL BOND MARKETS:
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